IDA–the International Development Association



and transforms the lives of poor people in the world’s poorest
countries by providing critical financial resources.



IDA has provided $369 billion in investments in 113 countries over the last six decades.

But IDA is much more
than financing

IDA has helped transform the world by bringing opportunity, livelihood and hope.


IDA plays a key role in the global development landscape.

IDA is a partner for the countries to engage, collaborate and have a stake in development—of the world. IDA operates on a country-driven model, where assistance is tailored to each borrowing country’s

  • needs
  • performance
  • development plans, and is
  • structured to help governments sustainably manage their finances

Through IDA, donor countries amplify the impact of their development resources, knowledge and capabilities by

  • investing in people
  • overcoming barriers to development
  • helping to grow economies
  • donors, financing and allocation of resources with global priorities
  • the public and private sector
  • partners from civil society and multilateral organizations to local development stakeholders

Creating opportunities for people in the world’s poorest countries.


35 countries no longer require IDA assistance.
Many remain engaged as donors and are helping to fund IDA.

55 countries contribute to IDA, up from the initial 15 donors in 1960.

  • IDA Graduates

    Their economic development means they no longer rely on IDA support, and many have gone on to help finance IDA.

  • Current Borrowers


The idea behind IDA — to pool and leverage funds to reach more people and achieve greater development impact — was innovative and transformative when IDA was created in 1960.


IDA has been adapting to changing global circumstances and needs—directing financing and creating solutions for the most acute development problems of the time.

  • From initiating an international partnership to eradicate river blindness in Africa 40 years ago and saving millions of people from the debilitating disease...
  • helping finance the Green Revolution and provide sufficient food for the growing global population...
  • piloting ways to speed up access to funding to help countries tackle emergencies and mitigate the impact of disasters.
  • …such as helping East Africa grapple with famine, a result of a drought in 2011, one of the worst in the last 60 years
  • …and helping Haiti and Nepal in the aftermath of devastating earthquakes in 2010 and 2015
  • … and most recently to organizing a global response and committing $1.17 billion from IDA for Ebola recovery in Africa in 2015


IDA continues to innovate
and reach even further

  • by partnering with civil society, multilateral organizations, humanitarian actors and others
  • by mobilizing the private sector to invest in the most challenging environments.


IDA leads and convenes on pressing global challenges—issues that affect us all—climate change, gender, jobs, good governance, conflict and fragility

  • while focusing efforts on places where poverty is concentrated
  • and addressing the needs of the poorest countries

The world is much more prosperous today but 2/3 of the global extreme poor—500 million people—live in the 75 poorest countries where IDA works. Many are in Africa.

IDA’s commitment to the people and places most in need endures.



    Percentage of Population in Extreme Poverty

  • 18-99%

  • 9-18%

  • 3-9%

  • 0-3%

  • Not Available

Poverty* is increasingly concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa, where IDA is focusing its work and leveraging partnerships across the region to achieve results.

IDA has committed $45 billion in resources to Sub-Saharan Africa, for FY19-21 alone.


IDA delivers results, improves aid effectiveness, works transparently, is accountable and cost-effective...

…with low administrative costs, predictable aid flows and large project size relative to other donors.

With IDA18, every $1 of total donor contributions translates into about $3 in financing support for development projects. IDA is one of the most cost-effective ways to make an impact on the lives of people in the poorest countries.


IDA is bringing private sector investment to places deemed risky by banks and investors and strengthening the foundations for resilient economies and markets by

  • facilitating business climate reforms
  • building robust financial systems
  • expanding access to finance for the poor

As part of the World Bank Group, IDA can leverage the strengths of the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) to drive private sector development.


The joint IDA-IFC-MIGA Private Sector Window is leveraging $2.5 billion of IDA’s resources to mitigate risk and mobilize private investment in the poorest and most fragile IDA countries.

Today, IDA is
focusing on:


600 million people

will be looking for jobs over the next decade—a huge challenge for poor countries. Creating productive and meaningful jobs for this burgeoning workforce requires economic transformation.

IDA is helping countries
  • connect to markets through sound infrastructure and value chains
  • facilitate private investment to improve the environment for private sector led growth
  • build workers’ skills and firms’ capabilities

while supporting “human capital” projects so people have the education, health and skills to seize economic opportunities of today and tomorrow.


No country can achieve its potential

...or meet the challenges of the 21st century without the full and equal participation of women and men, girls and boys, which is why:

  • improving the health and education of girls and women,
  • helping women gain access to and ownership of assets,
  • and enabling women to find quality jobs and start businesses

are at the heart of IDA’s focus on gender equality.


When people can participate in government decision-making processes and know their voices are heard, citizens’ trust in public institutions grows.

If a country lacks capable, accountable and inclusive public institutions, who can citizens trust to obtain services or uphold the rule of law for all, equitably and transparently?

Countries that have strong and efficient institutions prosper because they create an environment that

  • facilitates private sector growth
  • delivers valuable services
  • and earns the confidence of citizens.

This is why IDA is committed to establishing capable, accountable and inclusive governance

  • through institution-building
  • mobilizing resources necessary for delivering services, especially for the poor
  • and promoting transparency and accountability.


Fragility, conflict and violence are a critical development challenge

IDA has scaled up focus on conflict and fragility to help secure the structures that people need to resume peaceful and productive lives.
IDA has committed to provide record resources and increase staff presence in places at risk of fragility and conflict.

IDA is on the leading edge of the development community’s approach to forced displacement, migration and refugees.
IDA emphasizes prevention and acting early.
IDA is present where many are not and remains engaged in some of the most challenging environments, including during active conflict and during transition...
…and collaborating with humanitarian, development, peace and security partners is critical to deliver in challenging environments
  • such as working with the United Nations and Red Cross for IDA’s response to food insecurity in Somalia
  • or leveraging IDA’s Crisis Response Window to partner with UNICEF and the WHO on cholera outbreaks in Yemen.


Many IDA countries are on the front lines of climate change, with their poorest and most vulnerable people facing many of the greatest risks.

Climate impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030.

IDA is helping countries adapt to climate change and to mitigate its effects by integrating climate into policy reforms and development planning to reduce their carbon emissions and become more resilient to climate impacts.


IDA has doubled financial support to countries facing fragility to $14 billion, including a $400 million exceptional allocation to Yemen, along with more than $2 billion in additional financing for refugees and their host communities.

Mauritania: A cash-transfer project that supports women and children has reached more than 22,000 households with programming on nutrition, hygiene and early childhood development. By 2020 it will reach 100,000 households.

Afghanistan: More than 39,000 people benefited from a project to develop job skills and increase incomes for graduates of technical and vocational schools from 2013-2018.

IDA projects are helping people become climate-smart in agriculture and land use. In Burundi, IDA is enabling farmers to protect topsoil, recover soil fertility and begin year-round production of nutrient-rich foods. In Ethiopia’s Oromia region, IDA is helping women become coffee farmers while introducing climate-smart practices that boost productivity.

Cambodia: By leveraging the IDA18 Private Sector Window, IFC helped to issue a local-currency bond to support lending to rural SMEs—facilitating 60% more microloans—to encourage the development of the local debt-capital market.

Bangladesh: More than 42% of beneficiaries of a rural livelihoods program from 2015-18 increased their incomes by 30%, while more than 29,000 jobs were created for young people following a professional skill development training.

Chad: IDA is helping to provide basic health, education and social protection services and improved livelihoods for refugees and host communities, expecting to benefit 1.1 million people.

Honduras: Some 90,000 households were registered in a parcel-based system and more than 50,000 new land titles were awarded from 2011-17, 48% of which went to a female head of household. Improving the land registry system gave rural and indigenous peoples greater legal rights, protecting them from land dispossession and providing greater legal protection.

Moldova: Over 850 facilities - 404 schools, 278 kindergartens, 191 water management projects—were upgraded from 2000-17, benefiting 1.2 million people, a third of the population.


IDA has committed $75 billion for 3 years, from 2018 to 2020, to scale up development investments.
Between July 2017 and June 2018, IDA delivered:

1.9 million farmers

adopted improved agriculture technology

530,000 teachers

recruited and/or trained

8.5 million people

received access to better sanitation facilities

18.1 million children

were immunized

12.1 million people

covered by social safety net programs

9 million people

benefited from job-focused interventions

8.9 million people

provided with new or improved electricity service

5,931 kilometers

of roads built

13.2 million people

received access to better water sources

36.8 million people

received essential health, nutrition, and population services

$6.24 billion

in private investments mobilized by the World Bank Group in IDA countries



IDA19: Growth, People, Resilience

Even as IDA is working to make an impact today, we are thinking ahead about how to continue this work for IDA’s forthcoming replenishment cycle for 2021–23.

2019 is a key year for IDA as the policy package for IDA19 is being shaped.


There are only 10 years left to reach the Sustainable Development Goals. We need to speed up and deepen progress, which is why IDA will continue to focus on Jobs and Economic Transformation; Governance and Institutions; Gender; Climate Change; and Fragility, Conflict and Violence
  • while tackling emerging challenges, such as debt
    sustainability and transparency
  • and looking into opportunities opened by
    the digital economy
  • and continuing to invest in “human capital” and inclusive
    development—because when people are healthy, educated and able to participate despite disability, they can prosper

Let’s Continue
Working Together

These are global challenges
requiring a collective global lift.

Solving them isn’t possible:

  • without the IDA donors and borrowers
  • without partnerships with country and regional leaders
  • without working together

Supporting IDA means investing in the global economy and supporting a better world for men, women and children everywhere.

When we work together we amplify our collective impact for creating lasting economic development.

A strong and successful IDA


A more equitable and inclusive world

Supporting IDA means helping countries reach
the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.